The Sultan Hassan Mosque is a building in Cairo, Egypt, designed by unknown architect. The construction of the building started in 1356 AD and finished in 1363 AD. The building is a the most compact and unified Mamluk architecture of all Cairo monuments. Commissioned by Sultan Hassan bin Al-Nasir Muhammad bin Qalawun, the building become a mosque and religious school for all four juristic branches of Sunni Islam – Shafi, Maliki, Hanafi and Hanbali. Each branch has its own area while sharing the mosque.
The building using the materials were harvested from the casing stones of the Giza Necropolis. The construction also killed 300 people because one of the minarets collapsed during construction. The facade of the building is 76 metres long and 36 metres high. In the inner walls, there is Verses from the Quran in elegant Kufic and Thuluth scripts. Unfortunately before the mosque was completed, Sultan Hassan was assassinated and his body was never found.
Design of Building