Burj Al Arab or in Arabic called as “Tower of the Arabs” and also known as “Arab Sail”, is the second tallest hotel in the world, about 321 m (1,053 ft). This hotel located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, exactly on an artificial island (about 280 m or 920 ft of area) out from Jumeirah beach. The island connected to the main land by a private curving bridge. They also proclaimed they-self as a 7-star hotel.
The hotel designed by Tom Wright in 1994. The building has a form of a sail of a dhow(type of Arabian vessel) to acomplish the client request. The request is to design a building that would become an iconic or symbolic statement for Dubai. Atkins, the United Kingdom’s largest multidisciplinary consultancy, work as the architect and engineering consultant. The contractor is Murray & Roberts, South African construction contractor.
because it built on artificial island, the builders drove about 230 long concrete piles into the sand to create a stable cosntruction. The deep is about 40 m or 130 ft. Beside that, the Engineers created a surface layer of large rocks. To protect the foundation from erosion, it is circled with a concrete honeycomb pattern. To create the island it took three years, and to built the building, it took less than three years.