• SumoMe

The Baths of Caracalla or in italian called as Terme di Caracalla is a Roman public baths located in Rome, Italy. It built during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla from 212 until 216. In the 6th century the hydraulic installation of the building destroyed during the Gothic War. Started from that time, the building is no longer in use. the design of the building is adopted for several modern structures like Pennsylvania Station in New York City, USA and also National Assembly Building in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Now the building is open to the public for an admission fee of 6 Euros. But the access is limited to some areas to avoid more damage to the mosaic floor. The complex of the building is about 25 hectares. The building was 228 meters or 750 ft long, 116 meters or 380 ft wide and 38.5 meters or 125 ft estimated of height. It could accommodate about 1,600 bathers. The building contained a central 55.7 by 24 meter (183×79 ft) frigidarium (cold room) under three 32.9 meter (108 ft) high groin vaults, a double pool tepidarium (medium), and a 35 meter (115 ft) diameter caldarium (hot room), and also two palaestras, gyms for wrestling and boxing. In the north end of the bath building there is a natatio or swimming pool. It was roofless with bronze mirrors to direct sunlight into the pool area.

The dimensions of the building:
Principal dimensions
Precinct maximum: 412×393 m
Internal: 323×323 m
Swimming Pool: 54×23 m
Central Block overall: 218×112 m
Frigidarium: 59×24 m, height c. 41 m
Caldarium: 35M diameter height c. 44 m
Internal courts: 67×29 m

Quantities of materials
Quick lime: 35,000 m³
Pozzolanna: 341,000 m³
Tuff: 341,000 m³
Basalt for foundations: 150,000 m³
Large Bricks: 520,000
Marble columns in Central block: 252
Brick pieces for facing: 17.5 million
Marble for columns and decorations: 6,300 m³

Tags: art, Baths, Building, Caracalla, Frigidarium, Roman Empire, rome, Swimming pool, Thermae,